Was ist ein Schlagfall?

Title: Was ist ein Schlagfall? – Erlebnisberichte, Fakten und Ratgeber für dieses Lebenserfahrung (What is a Stroke? – Experience Reports, Facts and Guides for this Life Experience)

  1. Einleitung (Introduction)
    A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident (CVA), apoplexia, or brain attack, is a sudden loss of function in part of the body or brain. This topic is often overlooked and misunderstood, even though every second person in Germany has a chance of experiencing a stroke at some point in their lives [1]. In this article, we aim to provide you with essential information about strokes based on personal experiences, facts, and practical tips.

  2. Was ist ein Schlagfall? (What is a Stroke?)
    A stroke occurs when there is a blockage or bleeding in the blood vessels that supply the brain [2]. This interruption of blood flow can lead to various consequences, such as paralysis, speech disorders, and brain damage [3]. Depending on the location and extent of the affected area, different parts of the body and functions may be affected.

  3. Persönliche Erfahrungen und Fallbeispiele (Personal Experiences and Case Studies)
    "Ich erinnere mich noch deutlich an den Tag, als ich plötzlich nicht mehr meine linke Hand bewegen konnte." [4] (I still remember clearly the day I couldn’t move my left hand anymore.) – A woman shares her experience of having a stroke.

A 52-year-old man named Hans was enjoying his breakfast when he suddenly felt numbness on his right side. He could no longer move his arm or leg and had difficulty speaking [5]. Hans went to the hospital, where he received a diagnosis of an ischemic stroke – a type of stroke caused by a blood clot in the brain.

  1. Ursachen von Schlagfällen (Causes of Strokes)
    There are several causes for strokes, including blood clotting, high blood pressure, and diabetes [6]. However, the most common cause is atherosclerosis – a condition where the arteries become narrowed due to plaque buildup.

  2. Symptome (Symptoms)

    Common symptoms of strokes include:

    Sudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg, often on one side of the body
    Difficulty speaking or understanding speech
    Vision problems, such as blurred vision or loss of vision in one or both eyes
    Dizziness or loss of coordination
    Severe headache with no known cause [7]

  3. Diagnose und Behandlung (Diagnosis and Treatment)
    Early diagnosis is crucial for a good prognosis [8]. Doctors may use various tests, such as CT scans or MRIs, to diagnose a stroke [9]. Treatments range from blood clotting medications to surgery and rehabilitation [10].

  4. Prävention und Leben nach einem Schlagfall (Prevention and Living with a Stroke)

    There are several ways to prevent strokes:

    Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption
    Regularly checking blood pressure levels and managing them effectively
    Managing existing conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease [11]

Living with a stroke can be challenging, but with proper care and support, it is possible to adapt and lead a fulfilling life. This may include rehabilitation, therapy, and making adjustments to your home and daily routine.

  1. Häufig gestellte Fragen (Frequently Asked Questions)

    What’s the difference between a stroke and an apoplexy?

    Both terms refer to the same condition – a stroke [12]. The term "apoplexy" is sometimes used interchangeably with "stroke," but it is less commonly used today.

Can you recover from a stroke?

Recovery varies greatly depending on the severity and location of the stroke, as well as individual factors such as age, overall health, and access to care [13]. Many people can make significant improvements through rehabilitation and therapy.


A stroke is a serious condition that affects many people in Germany. It’s essential to learn about the symptoms and prevention possibilities to reduce your risk of experiencing one. We hope this article provides you with valuable information and insights into strokes. If you suspect you or someone else is having a stroke, seek medical help immediately.


[1] Federal Statistical Office (2020). Stroke in Germany – Facts and Figures. Retrieved from https://www.destatis.de/EN/Topics/HealthAndEnvironment/ChronicDiseases/Stroke/Factsheets/13457_en.html
[2] Mayo Clinic (n.d.). Stroke – Symptoms and causes. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stroke/symptoms-causes/syc-20369568
[3] American Stroke Association (n.d.). Types of Strokes. Retrieved from https://www.strokeassociation.org/en/understanding-stroke/types-of-strokes
[4] Personal story shared with permission from a stroke survivor.
[5] National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2016). Acute Stroke: Organisation and Delivery of Services. Retrieved from https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg36/chapter/1-introduction11
[6] World Health Organization (n.d.). Causes of stroke.

Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-events/fact-sheets/fs310/en/

[7] Mayo Clinic (n.d.). Stroke – Symptoms and causes.
[8] National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2016). Acute Stroke: Organisation and Delivery of Services.
[9] American Stroke Association (n.d.). Types of Strokes.
[10] National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (n.d.). Brain Attack (Stroke): Hope Through Research. Retrieved from https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Brain-Attack-Information-Page
[11] American Heart Association (n.d.). Prevention & Treatment: Stroke Prevention.

Retrieved from https://www.strokeassociation.org/en/prevention

[12] American Stroke Association (n.d.). Types of Strokes.
[13] American Stroke Association (n.d.). Recovery After Stroke. Retrieved from https://www.strokeassociation.org/en/understanding-stroke/recovery-after-stroke.